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Causes of Infertility

Causes of Infertility

Many people think that having a baby when they feel ready will be easy. Your body is the one who will decide for the pregnancy.

Infertility classically means that a year of trying unprotected sex without conception. It becomes more and more common among couples. 1 in 8 couples have problems in getting pregnant or sustaining a pregnancy. Many couples don’t know the reason why they can’t conceive. Therefore, finding the reason of infertility and implementing the right treatment have crucial importance.

Man and woman both contribute to infertility. Therefore infertility specialists will try to figure out which type of infertility couples have: female or male.

Male Infertility

Before starting an IVF treatment, it is important that men should get tested as well as women. Women visit fertility doctors and men visit urologists. Urologists will make a physical examination and then require semen analysis to check quality and quantity of sperms. The tests will figure out whether the men have infertility problems. In many cases, doctor may require surgical sperm retrieval operations. Azoospermia, oligospermia, sperm motility problems, sperm morphology problems, blocked sperm tubes, varicocele, genetic diseases, hormonal imbalances, retrograde ejaculation, obesity, use of drugs and alcohol, smoking are the male factors that can cause infertility.

Female Infertility

If women can’t conceive naturally, they should visit a fertility specialist. Many things can prevent women to get pregnant. The specialist will take the medical history of the patient. Then doctor will examine the women and use ultrasound to check uterus and diagnose the infertility problem.

Hormone tests including ovarian reserve test, laparoscopic surgery and hysteroscopy will help fertility doctors to determine the cause of female infertility. In early menopause, doctors would like to check the genetic diseases posibility. Hormonal imbalance, cervical problems, endometriosis, fibroids, fallopian tube blockage, menstrual disorders, infections, cysts, ectopic pregnancy, stress, use of alcohol and drugs, smoking and obesity are female factors and can cause infertility.

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