Ankara, formerly known as Ancyra and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey. It is Turkey’s second largest city after former imperial capital Istanbul with a population of 5.346.518. Government is the main business in the city, but Ankara is also Turkey’s second most important industrial city. Service and tourist industries are expanding rapidly.
Ankara is an important crossroads for trade and forms a major junction in the road network of Turkey. The city lies on the main east-west rail line across Anatolia. Esenboğa Airport provides international flight services. Shuttles provide direct transfer 24 hours a day to the city centre. ASTI-Intercity Bus Terminal locates on the city centre.
The architecture of the present-day city reflects its varied history. Remains from the Roman era include a bath, the Column of Julian, and the Temple of Roma and Augustus. Byzantine remnants include the citadel and a cemetery. The square Alâeddin Mosque, with one minaret, is located near the walled citadel and dates from the Seljuq era. Ottoman buildings are numerous and include the Hacı Bayram Cami (1427–28), as well as the Mahmud Paşa market and the Kurşunlu Han, two 15th-century buildings that have been converted to house the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. The modern city contains the huge Atatürk Mausoleum complex.
Ankara is actually a very large and presentable Turkish city, constantly expanding and offering a rather sophisticated and modern character. Many wide streets are now lined with coffee shops and eateries, particularly around the energetic Kızılay area.
Here you will find a list of must-see places in Ankara.
–Anıtkabir is the most notable and visited site in Ankara. This magnificent mausoleum of Atatürk located in Anıttepe which is really close to the city center. You can begin your day by visiting Anıtkabir first.
–It is located in the same area with Anatolian Civilizations Museum. Ankara Castle overlooks the city above Ulus. The castle is a medieval citadel with some of its inner constructions dating back as far as 7thcentury.
–The Anatolian Civilizations Museum is in two Ottoman buildings located near Ankara Castle, in the Atpazarı district of Ankara. One of the buildings is Mahmut Paşa Bedesteni and the other one is Kurşunlu Han. It is selected as “Museum of the Year” in 1997. Ancient Jewellery is exhibited in the museum.
Çengelhan Rahmi M. Koç Museum located next to the Ankara Castle. Most of the exhibits donated by the Koç Family. In this Museum you will find children’s toys, old technology staff, transportation collectibles including sips and aircraft. It also includes a free train ride which is perfect for children.
The symbol of the 4000 year old history of Ankara. The Sun Disc welcomes you when you enter into the city center Kızılay.
Kızılay is the center of business and social life. There are many retail shops, stores, markets, restaurants and hotels in there. It is also a hub for transportation.
Ulus is an old town and one of the most crowded place in Ankara. There are many open-air bazaars in old houses and here you can find carpets and antiques. You can visit Pirinç Han that has lovely antique and vintage shops.
Kocatepe Camii is one of the symbols of Ankara. It is one of the biggest religious places in Ankara. Especially at night it gives a great view for the photographers.
Atakule is a tower which is located in Çankaya and has an open terrace to experience the panoramic view of Ankara. The restaurant on the top of the tower rotates 360 degrees in an hour.
Soğuksu National Park is located in Kızılcahamam district of Ankara. It is famous with its drinkable mineral water, hot springs and cold water sources. Four different ecosystems and about 160 bird species can be observed in Soğuksu National Park. Spas are crucial for health tourism.
Gençlik Park is a public park which has swimming pool, open-air theater, miniature trains and kiosks. It is located in the center of Ulus. In the evening, a wonderful light show welcomes you.
Hamamonu is one of the earliest settled areas in Ankara. It is a beautiful place to visit ancient houses on the streets, drink Turkish coffee in traditional cafes.